Khajuraho, located in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, is famous for its ancient Hindu and Jain temples. These temples are a reflection of the cultural norms and lifestyle of the people of Khajuraho, which have been shaped by Hinduism and Jainism over centuries.
Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world and has had a significant impact on the culture of India. It is believed that most of the temples in Khajuraho were built by the Chandela kings who were followers of Hinduism. The temples display an intricate blend of art, architecture and religious symbolism, with elaborate carvings and sculptures of deities, celestial beings, animals, and humans.
The intricate carvings in the temples depict various Hindu gods and goddesses such as Shiva, Vishnu, Brahma, and Devi. These representations not only served as a means of worshipping but also helped to educate the common people about the religious beliefs and ethics of Hinduism. Along with these religious motifs, there are also depictions of everyday life, including dancers, musicians, farmers, and traders.
Jainism, another prominent religion in India, also played a significant role in shaping the cultural norms and lifestyle of the people of Khajuraho. The Jain temples in Khajuraho are known for their minimalistic architecture and design. The Jains believed in non-violence and hence their temples were built without harming any living being.
The Jain temples at Khajuraho are adorned with beautiful carvings of Jain Tirthankaras and other Jain deities, which are intricately carved out of stone. The temples also have smaller shrines, which house statues of Jain deities.
Both Hinduism and Jainism imparted a sense of morality and ethics that governed the lifestyle of the people of Khajuraho. These traditions not only shaped the religious beliefs and practices of the people but also impacted their social norms, values and customs.
In conclusion, Hinduism and Jainism have played a significant role in shaping the cultural norms and lifestyle of the people of Khajuraho. The temples built by the Chandela kings are a testament to the profound influence of these religions on the culture and society of Khajuraho.